News release

Demand for sustainable buildings and tightening regulations drive business case for investment: JLL

JLL research analyses three key factors owners and occupiers must consider in decision-making

November 29, 2023

Andrew Peck

+65 9823 7917

The current economic environment is creating challenges for investors and occupiers to make the case for investing in retrofitting and futureproofing their real estate. JLL’s new The Commercial Case for Making Buildings More Sustainable report outlines three key factors that should be prioritised in occupiers’ and owners’ decision-making to create a more resilient and sustainable built environment.

Rising demand for sustainable buildings

In many global markets, rising corporate demand for buildings with sustainability credentials will have an impact on office market dynamics. Across 20 major office markets, including New York, Paris and Singapore, only 34% of future demand for low-carbon workspace will be met in the next several years. In other words, for every 3 square metres of demand, only 1 square metre is in the current pipeline. An analysis of six major cities in the Asia Pacific shows that 59% of overall demand will not be met with the current pipeline, yet significant differences exist at a country level. As a result of more stringent regulations on the built environment, future demand for low carbon space will exceed supply by 70% across the Australian cities, compared to 56% for Singapore.

The way occupiers think of sustainable buildings is also changing. Historically, green certifications have been the primary mark of sustainable buildings and tenants have been willing to pay the price. Transaction evidence from 2023 shows healthy rental premiums are still being achieved for certified buildings across a range of global office markets – but the industry is shifting. In Asia, markets attract an average of an additional 9.9% rental premium for green-certified, class A office stock.

Tenants will increasingly seek environmental performance indicators, such as energy intensity and electrification, on top of green credentials. JLL is already seeing evidence of this in advanced European markets, like London and Paris, where low-carbon prime office spaces are reaching historic rental highs this year, even with an overall slowdown in the sector.

“Despite the current headwinds from today’s global economic environment, the business case for making investment into decarbonising and resilience across real estate portfolios is getting even stronger,” says Elke Kornalijnslijper, Head of Sustainability Services, Asia Pacific, JLL. “Taking action now will minimise the business cost of ever more frequent climate events and maximise the commercial benefit from the incredibly low supply of net zero carbon buildings in the world.”

More restrictive regulations

Although market forces driving investors and occupiers are moving faster than regulations right now, new legislation is on the horizon at an international, national and most stringently at a city level. Policies from 16 global cities covering carbon, energy, buildings circularity, biodiversity and resilience show a wide spectrum of commitment and action. For instance, ‘Climate Progressive’ cities such as New York, Paris and Amsterdam are rolling out an array of policy instructions covering new and existing commercial and real estate. New York has introduced several pioneering local laws, while Paris is taking the lead in considering embodied carbon and Singapore has set out a holistic approach to greening its buildings.

Mounting costs from physical climate risks

The damage caused by increasingly frequent and intense weather events is a mounting concern for real estate. Part of building a strong business case will involve understanding the risks of disruption to business operations and potential damage to buildings. One of the biggest challenges in assessing climate risk is the wide range of approaches and the lack of consensus on standardisation. Some providers are thinking about value at risk in terms of insured value, others are looking at the change in asset value or replacement cost.

About JLL

For over 200 years, JLL (NYSE: JLL), a leading global commercial real estate and investment management company, has helped clients buy, build, occupy, manage and invest in a variety of commercial, industrial, hotel, residential and retail properties. A Fortune 500® company with annual revenue of $20.8 billion and operations in over 80 countries around the world, our more than 106,000 employees bring the power of a global platform combined with local expertise. Driven by our purpose to shape the future of real estate for a better world, we help our clients, people and communities SEE A BRIGHTER WAYSM. JLL is the brand name, and a registered trademark, of Jones Lang LaSalle Incorporated. For further information, visit